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Software Architecture & Development

SQL 2005 Analysis Service Performance Guide

For those of you who are interesed in MS SQL 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) there is very hot (February 2007) new guide that deep dives into SSAS architecture and discuss how to optimize memory, CPU and disk usage.

Here is quick overview:


To satisfy the performance needs of various OLAP designs and server environments, this white paper provides extensive guidance on how you can take advantage of the wide range of opportunities to optimize Analysis Services performance. Since Analysis Services performance tuning is a fairly broad subject, this white paper organizes performance tuning techniques into the following four segments.

Enhancing Query Performance - Query performance directly impacts the quality of the end user experience. As such, it is the primary benchmark used to evaluate the success of an OLAP implementation. Analysis Services provides a variety of mechanisms to accelerate query performance, including aggregations, caching, and indexed data retrieval. In addition, you can improve query performance by optimizing the design of your dimension attributes, cubes, and MDX queries.

Tuning Processing Performance - Processing is the operation that refreshes data in an Analysis Services database. The faster the processing performance, the sooner users can access refreshed data. Analysis Services provides a variety of mechanisms that you can use to influence processing performance, including efficient dimension design, effective aggregations, partitions, and an economical processing strategy (for example, incremental vs. full refresh vs. proactive caching).

Optimizing Special Design Scenarios – Complex design scenarios require a distinct set of performance tuning techniques to ensure that they are applied successfully, especially if you combine a complex design with large data volumes. Examples of complex design components include special aggregate functions, parent-child hierarchies, complex dimension relationships, and “near real-time” data refreshes.

Tuning Server Resources Analysis Services operates within the constraints of available server resources. Understanding how Analysis Services uses memory, CPU, and disk resources can help you make effective server management decisions that optimize querying and processing performance.


It is so fresh so it requires SQL Server 2005 SP2 in order to performance tuning techniques.

Download Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services Performance Guide